Date: March 29, 2023
Title: Theoretical and Experimental Constraints for the Equation of State of Dense and Hot Matter
Authors: Rajesh Kumar, Veronica Dexheimer, Johannes Jahan, Jorge Noronha, Jacquelyn Noronha-Hostler, Claudia Ratti, Nico Yunes, Angel Rodrigo Nava Acuna, Mark Alford, Mahmudul Hasan Anik, Katerina Chatziioannou, Hsin-Yu Chen, Alexander Clevinger, Carlos Conde, Nikolas Cruz Camacho, Travis Dore, Christian Drischler, Hannah Elfner, Reed Essick, David Friedenberg, Suprovo Ghosh, Joaquin Grefa, Roland Haas, Jan Hammelmann, Steven Harris, Carl-Johan Haster, Tetsuo Hatsuda, Mauricio Hippert, Renan Hirayama, Jeremy W. Holt, Micheal Kahangirwe, Jamie Karthein, Toru Kojo, Philippe Landry, Zidu Lin, Matthew Luzum, T. Andrew Manning, Jordi Salinas San Martin, Cole Miller, Elias Roland Most, Debora Mroczek, Azwinndini Muronga, Nicolas Patino, Jeffrey Peterson, Christopher Plumberg, Damien Price, Constanca Providencia, Romulo Rougemont, Satyajit Roy, Hitansh Shah, Stuart Shapiro, Andrew W. Steiner, Michael Strickland, Hung Tan, Hajime Togashi, Israel Portillo Vazquez, Pengsheng Wen, Ziyuan Zhang (MUSES Collaboration)
Abstract: This review aims at providing an extensive discussion of modern constraints relevant for dense and hot strongly interacting matter. It includes theoretical first-principle results from lattice and perturbative QCD, as well as chiral effective field theory results. From the experimental side, it includes heavy-ion collision and low-energy nuclear physics results, as well as observations from neutron stars and their mergers. The validity of different constraints, concerning specific conditions and ranges of applicability, is also provided.